LONDON (Reuters) – The world over, one particular person takes their very own life each 40 seconds, and extra individuals die by suicide yearly than in warfare, the World Well being Group mentioned on Monday.
Hanging, poisoning and capturing are the most typical suicide strategies, the WHO mentioned because it urged governments to undertake suicide prevention plans to assist individuals deal with stress and to scale back entry to suicide means.
“Suicide is a worldwide public well being challenge. All ages, sexes and areas of the world are affected (and) every loss is one too many,” the WHO’s report mentioned.
Suicide was the second main reason for demise amongst younger individuals aged between 15 and 29, after street damage, and amongst teenage women aged 15 to 19 it was the second greatest killer after maternal situations. In teenage boys, suicide ranked third behind street damage and interpersonal violence.
Total, near 800,000 individuals die by suicide yearly – greater than are killed by malaria or breast most cancers, or by warfare or murder, the WHO mentioned.
World charges have fallen lately – with a 9.eight% lower between 2010 and 2016 – however declines had been patchy. Within the WHO’s Americas area, for instance, charges rose by 6% in between 2010 and 2016.
The report additionally discovered that just about 3 times as many males as girls die by suicide in rich international locations, in distinction to low- and middle-income international locations, the place the charges are extra equal.
“Suicides are preventable,” mentioned the WHO’s director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “We name on all international locations to include confirmed suicide prevention methods into nationwide well being and teaching programs.”
The WHO mentioned proscribing entry to pesticides was some of the efficient methods of lowering suicide numbers swiftly.
Pesticides are generally used and often end in demise as a result of they’re so poisonous, haven’t any antidotes, and are sometimes utilized in distant areas the place there isn’t a close by medical assist.
The WHO pointed to research in Sri Lanka, the place bans on pesticides have led to a 70% drop in suicides and an estimated 93,000 lives saved between 1995 and 2015.
Reporting by Kate Kelland, modifying by Giles Elgood