UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – The United Nations could not have the funds for for workers salaries subsequent month if member states don’t pay what they owe, U.N. Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres warned on Tuesday.
FILE PHOTO: United Nations Secretary Normal Antonio Guterres addresses the opening of the 74th session of the United Nations Normal Meeting at U.N. headquarters in New York Metropolis, New York, U.S., September 24, 2019. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson
He informed the 193-member U.N. Normal Meeting’s funds committee that if he had not labored since January to chop spending then “we’d not have had the liquidity to assist” the annual gathering of world leaders final month.
“This month, we’ll attain the deepest deficit of the last decade. We danger … getting into November with out sufficient money to cowl payrolls,” mentioned Guterres. “Our work and our reforms are in danger.”
The USA is the most important contributor – accountable for 22 p.c of the greater than $three.three billion common funds for 2019, which pays for work together with political, humanitarian, disarmament, financial and social affairs and communications.
Washington owes some $381 million for prior common budgets and $674 million for the 2019 common funds. The U.S. mission to the United Nations confirmed the figures.
An official from the U.S. mission mentioned the US “will probably be offering the overwhelming majority of what we owe to the common funds this fall, as now we have in previous years.”
“Total the US, as the most important contributor to the U.N., contributes roughly $10 billion yearly in assessed and voluntary contributions throughout the United Nations system,” the official mentioned.
U.S. President Donald Trump has mentioned Washington is shouldering an unfair burden of the price of the United Nations and has pushed for reforms of the world physique. Guterres has been working to enhance U.N. operations and lower prices.
U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric mentioned 129 nations had paid their dues for 2019 thus far, which amounted to nearly $2 billion.
Guterres mentioned he launched extraordinary measures final month to deal with the shortfall – vacant posts can’t be crammed, solely important journey is allowed, and a few conferences could should be canceled or deferred. U.N. operations in New York, Geneva, Vienna and Nairobi and at regional commissions will probably be affected.
U.N. peacekeeping missions are funded by a separate funds, which was $6.7 billion for the yr to June 30, 2019, and $6.51 billion for the yr to June 30, 2020.
The USA is accountable for almost 28 p.c of the peacekeeping funds however has pledged to pay solely 25 p.c – as required by U.S. legislation. Washington presently owes some $2.four billion for peacekeeping missions.
The highest contributing nations are Ethiopia, India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Rwanda. They pay their troops in keeping with their nationwide wage scales and are reimbursed by the United Nations. As of July 2019, the United Nations paid $1,428 a month per soldier.
The United Nations says its peacekeeping operations price lower than half of 1 p.c of world army expenditures.
Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Modifying by Sandra Maler and Paul Tait